Metals that would undergo cutting, bending and assembling into different sizes and shapes is said to have undergone metal fabrication. It is in a fabrication and machine shop that this job is being done, with the use of processes like forming and welding using different kinds of specialized tools.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Some forms of specialization which are of higher level are named to be electrical, machine design, and hydraulics.
In order to fabricate the metal, a number of raw materials are used such as plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
One use of metal fabrication is for the construction of different machines and structures. The popular materials that are used for metal fabrication are sheet metal and stainless steel, and these are used to manufacture several industrial and consumer products like loose parts, building structural frames and machines.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. In decorative purposes, the use of gold, silver, and platinum are utilized for the purpose.
Sheet metal fabrication is also intended in the production of car bodies, airplane wings, building materials, and equipment for food processing and others.
Stainless steel is a very strong material that contains amounts of iron, chromium and other elements, making it resistance to corrosion, staining and thus has a very low maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.
Stainless steel has various grades and surface finishes depending on where you want it to be used, and these finishes are brushed finish, satin, mirror, and the coarse finish.
The very intensive process involving metal fabrication makes it an important component in the manufacturing of many industrial and consumer products. Very useful to our daily lives are the main applications of metal fabrication which are the sheet metal fabrication and the stainless steel fabrication.
After the processes of cutting, joining and welding are executed on the metals during its fabrication, depending on your use and budget, you can have the metal powder coated or sandblasted for protection.