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All about Orthopedic Surgery

There are many instances whereby a patient may need to go through orthopedic surgical procedures so as to provide a cure to their ailment. A majority of these conditions are usually accompanied by pain and musculoskeletal deformities and all these lead to limitation in movement. It is essential to know that the procedures usually help with the correction of anatomical musculoskeletal abnormalities, control of musculoskeletal infections and also removal of malignant and benign growths.

Joint replacement is among the many procedures that are performed on a daily basis especially in the elderly population. A common cause of this is the presence of pathological fractures and also recurrent infection. Also, another indication that is most popular is the presence of uncontrolled arthritis leading to total joint deformity. The resulting changes usually make it difficult for the individual to manipulate their limbs due to the changes in musculoskeletal configuration. Other causes of the joint changes include degeneration and also an infection of the joint cavities and involved structures.

There is need to note that some cases are difficult to come up with the exact diagnosis if adequate joint exploration is not done. Among the most explored ones are the shoulder, knee and hip joints. In the performance of the procedure, the joint has to be opened first so as to enable detailed assessment of the extent of damage, removal of the damaged tissue and also replacement of the damaged joint. To correct the joint deformity, a total or partial joint replacement can be done. It is through this that different types of a prosthesis can get to be used.

Excessive strain on a muscle, especially during exercise and lifting of heavy weights, can cause rupture of the muscle and this requires to be repaired surgically. Rotator cuff muscles are prone to tear in individuals who are involved in high-risk sports. The most common presenting symptom is severe pain on the affected side with a decrease in active movement of the shoulder and upper limb on that particular side. To correct the issue, surgery is usually performed.

Operative procedures in the spine are usually done due to many issues that might arise. Usually, surgical intervention of the spine is indicated so as to help reduce compression of the cord by the underlying deformities. In patients who have cord compression, they present with back pain and inability to stand upright. In majority of these cases, surgical procedures usually provide the only way through which the deformity can be corrected. To correct such deformities, decompression of the spinal cord is usually done or the spine can be fused.

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